The spellings for the 2013 SAT are as follows:
1. transporting 2. station 3. boiled 4. stapled 5. future 6. enough 7. feature 8. mattered 9. produces 10. disruptive 11. shipped 12. strength 13. umbrellas 14. released 15. variety 16. chief 17. familiar 18. physically 19. substantial 20. surprised.
Slimmed Down Spelling gives a child four possible reasons for writing a letter or group of letters in a word.
1. They can hear a sound when they say the word carefully. This is the phonic link, and provides a little over two-thirds of the letters we use.
2. They have learned that a word needs a group of letters, such as tion or ough.
3. They have learned that a word needs an extra letter, such as a double letter.
4. They have learned that a word has an unusual or awkward element, usually because of a historical change. Eg, warm is a shared word between English and German, where it rhymes with arm. The way we pronounce this a has changed over time, and a lot of words share this pattern - eg , water (from German Wasser), was.
The technique takes a few weeks to apply, and helps people of all ages - see above for its effect on the spelling of a very high-attaining sixteen year old. Here's how it applies to the SAT spellings above, almost all of which require the child to do more than just apply step one, and write one letter for each sound. Learning is accelerated if children are encouraged to find other words with the same grouping of letters as the one they've just learned. Even in this test, some of the groups recur. New networks and connections form in the brain as we learn each group, so that the more we know and learn, the more we have available for learning to spell new words. Using the approach to spelling from the outset enables children to apply what they know systematically, rather than having to learn piecemeal. Finding at least one other word with the same spelling pattern is the singly most important technique to boost learning - eg transporting, reporting, station, nation, boiled, soiled etc.
1. transporting Listen carefully to avoid leaving out the second r. Group ing.
2. station One letter for each sound, then group tion
3. boiled Know the oi group, and ed
4. stapled Know the le group, originally from French, and ed
5. future Know the group ure, which is not pronounced exactly as spelled - we take a shortcut
6. enough Know the group ough
7. feature Know the vowel (voice sound) group ea, and ure as in 5
8. mattered Know that this word has an extra letter (tt) and the ed group
9. produces Know the ce combination
10. disruptive Know that we take a shortcut in pronouncing the ive (compare alive). Very very few words end in v, which almost always needs an e after it.
11. shipped As 8 - know that it has an extra letter (pp) and ed group
12. strength Listen carefully for the eng group
13. umbrellas Know that this word has an extra letter (ll)
14. released Know the ea group, as in 7, and ed
15. variety Listen carefully - one letter for each sound, and English usually uses y (Greek i) at the end of a word. The down stroke gave readers an extra sign that a word was ending.
16. chief Know the ie group.
17. familiar Listen carefully to avoid leaving out the second i. I usually make the link with family.
18. physically Know the ph group, and the y near the beginning of the word.
19. substantial Know the tial group.
20. surprised. Sur is less natural to modern speech than ser. We need to know to use this group.